Feedstock for Advanced Biofuels
European fuel producers will need to blend in billions of liters of biofuels as a result of the new Renewable Energy Directive, RED II and its expected successor RED III. Many producers retrofitting refineries to produce all kind of bio fuels and all this new capacity need natural feedstocks. Modern hydro treatment technologies with advanced pre-treatment plants allow the production of biofuels from a wide variety of feedstocks that can replace 100% of the conventional fuels.
The RED II and III limit the use of soya and rapeseed with blend walls. Palm oil based fuels will be phased out. The available quantities of used cooking oil and animal fats are limited and with growing GHG reduction policies on other continents their imports into Europe will decline in the near future.
Annex IX A of the RED II describes a limited number of sources for feedstock that qualify for the production of advanced feedstocks.
Currently the fuel producers only use Tall Oil and POME feedstocks from this Annex IX A list for the production of advanced biofuel fuels. Both in smaller percentages of their total feedstock intake. Novel vegetable oils from energy crops is the new innovative source for unlimited amounts of lipids.